In 1815, representatives of Europeon powers – Britain, Russia, Prussia and Austria- who had collectively defeated Napoleon , met at Vienna to draw up a settlement for Europe, restore the Monarchies overthrown by Napoleon and create a new conservative order.
The Congress was hosted by Austrian Chancellor Duke Metternich.
Following changes were brought in by the Vienna Congress:-
- The Bourbon dynasty was restored to power in France.
- France lost the territories it had annexed under Napoleon.
- A series of states were set up on the boundaries of France to prevent French expansion in future.
- Kingdom of Netherlands , which included Belgium was set up in North.
- Genoa was added to Piedmont in the south.
- Prussia was given important new territories on its western frontiers.
- Austria was given control of northern Italy.
- Russia was given part of Poland.
- Prussia was given a portion of Saxony.
- German confederation of 39 states set up by Napoleon was left untouched.