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The Strange case of Britain
- Seizure of power by Parliament
- The formation of Britain as a nation state was a long drawn process.
- The English Parliament had seized power from Monarchy in 1688 and was instrumental in establishing Britain as a nation state.
- The English grew in wealth and power steadily and started exerting its influence over the neighboring island nations like Scotland and Ireland.
- The Act of Union was signed between Scotland and England in 1707 which resulted in the formation of the “ United Kingdom of Great Britain”.
- The Scotland`s culture and political institutions were systematically suppressed.
- The Scottish highlanders were forbidden to speak their Gaelic language, wear their traditional dress and large numbers were were forcibly driven out of their homelands.
- Ireland suffered the similar fate as that of the Scotland.
- The English helped the minority Protestants of Ireland establish their influence over majority Catholics.
- After a failed revolt by Wolfe Tone and his United Irishmen(1798), Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1801.
- Exerting British culture and dominance
- The British Nation was thus forged through the propagation of a dominant English culture.
- The symbols of the new Britain- the British flag (Union jack), the national anthem(God Save Our Noble King), the English language – were actively promoted.